Behavior Modification History
Behavior modification history[redigér]
Anti-drug cults and facilities using LGAT[redigér]
Seed, Straight, PFC[redigér]
Back in 1958 Synanon was founded by Charles "Chuck" Dederich Sr. (1913–1997). It was an anti-drug cult.
The Seed was granted support from the federal government in 1974, but a senate investigation shut it down after the investigation had shown that Seed used method recognized as abuse against prisoners of war in North Korea. Seed used methods developed by Synanon.
However, the basic element in the treatment program was used by the organization founded by Mel Sembler called Straight, Inc. Straight, Inc. was closed down in 1993 due to allogations of abuse and lawsuits.
A lot of programs use modified versions of the Straight treatment programs. One of those programs is Pathway Family Center.
Before Synanon developed into a cult, Mel Wasserman broke loose of the organization and create his own facility. This one facility grew into 6 facilities and wilderness programs. CEDU closed in 2005 but some of the facilites has reopened under new ownership with a modern version of the treatment program. CEDU used LGAT seminars lasting for days in their treatment program.
On of the facilities, which worked together with CEDU, is Mount Bachelor Academy. It was the first of the facilities under Aspen Education Group. The LGAT system by AEG is called Lifestep. Later AEG did open facilities, which used modern version of Lifestep, however some of the facilities have abandoned Lifestep, because it produced limited results and often ended up in psychodrama instead.
Former CEDU employees have created facilities across the country. One of those is Carlbrook, which have fewer LGAT seminars with new names. Benchmark Young Adult School, is an example of a CEDU clone.
Provo Canyon School, WWASP, semi-boot camps[redigér]
Provo Canyon School was one of the first facilities in Utah, which used strict isolation with very structured rules (Almost none movement at all during intake, no communication with the outside world beside letters and staff or senior student present at all time - even in the toilet.)
WWASP grew rapidly over the next 15 years, with some setbacks when the authorities in the Czech Republic, Mexico, Costa Rica and American Samoa shut some of their schools down due to allogations of child abuse.
Several of WWASP facilities are open today and others continue to advertise together with them regardless of the fact that they have redrawn from WWASP.
It started out as a kind of outdoor education or adventure therapy, but there is an element of constant hunger among the children because the concept is that the children has to learn to survive with limited ressources, so they can learn not to take their everyday life for granted (the family included) and grow self-esteem because they opposite some of the children can live to tell about their experience.
About 1980 a new type of wilderness programs developed by a group of people around Steve Cartisano. It became known as wilderness boot camps. However, a number of deaths meant that the local authorities imposed minimum standards which is adjusted every time a child has died. Recently a lot of programs had to abandon drinking and eating out of the same cup as they wash themselves in.
Now a number of programs use a 50-50 percent adventure theerapy and boot camp. Stict timelimits are enforced to stress the children and use of pressure point techniques keeps the children in line (Often refered as Positive Control System).